ROLL FORM TAP DRILL SIZES


Roll Form Tap Drill Sizes Calculator was developed to calculate recommended roll form tap drill sizes for Unified threads. Calculations are done according to formulas and charts which are given in the Machinery's Handbook. Desired thread size and % of full thread shall be specified in "Input Parameters" table of the calculator.

Roll tapping is a process which forms a thread in the hole by displacement of the material into the desired size and pitch. Roll tapping eliminates the problem of chip disposal. The threads produced with roll tapping are stronger than cut threads because the grains are continuous and unbroken, and the displaced metal is work hardened. Roll tapping is a method to be applied to relatively ductile metals such as low-carbon steel, leaded steels, austenitic stainless steels, wrought aluminum, magnesium, copper, and ductile copper alloys.

For roll tapping, cutting tap drill sizes should not be used. Roll tapping displaces metal from the hole walls to form the threads so cutting tap drill leaves to much material in the hole.

Note: For more information on roll tap drill sizes for Unified screw threads including selection of taps, method of tapping, tap drill sizes for threads of American National Form and cold form tapping, please refer to pages 2015 – 2037 of Machinery's Handbook, 29th.

Calculator:

INPUT PARAMETERS
Parameter Value
Nominal Size in Inches
and Threads per Inch
% of Full Thread 1
Include Drill Oversize 2

Note1: Default value is 65 % .
Note2: The diameter of the drilled holes will be oversize in most materials. If the checkbox is ticked, the effect of drill oversize will be taken into account in tap drill bit selection Amount of expected drill oversize is calculated according to table given in page 897 of Machinery's Handbook, 29th.

 


RESULTS
Value Parameter Unit
Nominal Size --- ---
Decimal Equivalent --- inch
Threads per inch --- ---
Series Designation ---
Recommended Hole Size
 before Cold Forming Tap
--- inch
Recommended Inch Drill Size 1 --- ---
Drill Size Decimal Equivalent --- inch
Expected Hole Size (Including oversize)2 ---
Expected Amount of Drill Oversize 3 ---

Note1: If the "Include Oversize" checkbox is ticked in Input Parameters table, the effect of drill oversize will be taken into account in tap drill bit selection.
Note2: Equals drill size decimal equivalent plus expected amount of drill oversize.
Note3: Value is obtained by linear interpolation/extrapolation of mean values given in page 897 of Machinery's Handbook.



Definitions:

Drill bit: A cutting tool used in drilling machines to drill a hole.

Unified Screw Thread: A thread form used by the United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States to obtain screw thread interchangeability among these three nations. It has 60° thread angle and dimensions are stated in inch units.

UN form screw threads: The UN thread is intended for general purpose fastening operations.

UNC (Unified National Coarse): Most commonly used type for general engineering applications. This thread form is used in materials with low tensile strength which makes threads more resistance against stripping (internal threads) .UNC give possibility for quick assembly.

UNF (Unified National Fine): External threads of this Fine Series have greater tensile stress area than comparable sizes of the Coarse series. The Fine series is suitable when the resistance to stripping of both external and mating internal threads equals or exceeds the tensile load carrying capacity of the externally threaded member. It is also used where the length of engagement is short, where a smaller lead angle is desired, where the wall thickness demands a fine pitch, or where finer adjustment is needed.

UNEF (Unified National Extra Fine): Used when finer pitches than UNF are needed (Ex: Short engagement length).

Tap: A mechanical tool used to make a standard thread through a hole. Different type of taps exist such as straight fluted taps, spiral pointed taps, spiral pointed only taps, spiral fluted taps, fast spiral fluted taps, thread forming taps, pulley taps, nut taps, and pipe taps.

Tap drill size: The required diameter of hole before the tapping operation of the hole.

Thread class: A classification system to classify the threads for interchangeability and manufacturability. Class 1 threads are loosely fitting thread and used for ease of assembly. Most commonly used class is 2 and this class is designed for general use. Class 3 is used for closer tolerances.

Threads forming: A process to form threads by displacing the material to form the thread shape. No chips are produced during thread forming.

Threads per inch: Number of full thread per an inch length.

List of Equations:

Parameter/Condition Equation
Theoretical hole size Theoretical hole size = basic tap O.D. - 0.0068 × per cent of full thread / threads per inch

Supplements:



Link Usage
Tooling Calculators Covers dimensions of twist drills which are given in the ANSI B94.11M-1993 - "Twist Drills" standard.
Tap Drill Sizes Calculates recommended cutting tap hole size limits and appropriate tap drill size for Unified threads.
Unified Inch Screw Thread Sizes & Tolerances Calculator Calculates basic major, minor and pitch diameters of the external (bolt) and internal (nut) inch thread according to ASME B1.1-2003 standard. In addition to basic size calculations, limits of sizes calculations of different tolerance classes can be done according to same standard.

Reference:

  • Oberg, E. , Jones ,F.D. , Horton H.L. , Ryffel H.H., (2016) . Machinery's Handbook . 30th edition.  Industrial Press Inc.
  • Oberg, E. , Jones ,F.D. , Horton H.L. , Ryffel H.H., (2012) . Machinery's Handbook . 29th edition.  Industrial Press Inc.
  • FED-STD-H28/2B-1991, Screw-Thread Standards for Federal Services - Section 2: Unified Inch Screw Threads - UN and UNR Thread Forms