DENSITY OF WOOD


The density of various woods are given in the following table. The air-dry density of woods are for woods at moisture content of 12%.

Density Values for Various Woods
Species Density (Weight in pounds per cubic foot - lb/ft3) Density (Weight in kilograms per cubic meter - kg/m3 )
Air Dry (12% Moisture Content) Air Dry (12% Moisture Content)
Alder, red  28 449
Ash, black 35 561
Ash, Oregon 38 609
Ash, white 42 673
Aspen 27 432
Basswood 26 416
Beech 44 705
Birch, paper 39 625
Birch, yellow 43 689
Cedar, Alaska 31 497
Cedar, eastern red 33 529
Cedar, western red 23 368
Cedar, northern white 21 336
Cedar, southern white 23 368
Cherry, black 35 561
Chestnut 30 481
Cottonwood, eastern 28 449
Cottonwood, black 24 384
Cypress, bald 32 513
Douglas fir, coast type 34 545
Douglas fir, mountain type 30 481
Elm, American 36 577
Elm, rock 44 705
Elm, slippery 37 593
Fir, balsam 27 432
Fir, white 26 416
Gum, black 35 561
Gum, red 34 545
Hemlock, eastern 29 465
Hemlock, western 29 465
Hickory, pecan 46 737
Hickory, shagbark 51 817
Larch, western 39 625
Locust, black 48 769
Maple, bigleaf 34 545
Maple, black 40 641
Maple, red 36 577
Maple, silver 33 529
Maple, sugar 44 705
Oak, red 44 705
Oak, white 47 753
Pine, eastern white 25 400
Pine, lodgepole 29 465
Pine, northern white 25 400
Pine, Norway 34 545
Pine, ponderosa 28 449
Pine, red 31 497
Pine southern yellow, loblolly 36 577
Pine southern yellow, longleaf 41 657
Pine southern yellow, shortleaf 35 561
Pine, sugar 26 416
Pine, western white 28 449
Poplar, yellow 28 449
Redwood 30 481
Spruce, black 28 449
Spruce, Engelmann 24 384
Spruce, Sitka 28 449
Sycamore 35 561
Sweetgum 36 577
Tamarack 37 593
Tupelo, black 36 577
Walnut, black 38 609

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